No, not so simple at all. Applying constant power and polarity to the coils will just cause them to jerk into one "step" position, some fraction of a rotation inside which likely moves the needle some tiny fraction and locks there.
(not had one apart to see what it does mechanically)
UNIPOLAR STEPPER MOTOR would be the keywords
IN your starter or drill the commutation is done inside the motor to apply power to the next set off coils to keep things going. Steppers are externally commutated brushless motors, the ECM does the switching of polarities and coils to create rotation here.